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THEME 7: CONTRACEPTION

The most common contraceptive methods for adolescents are condoms and birth control pills.

Condoms

A condom is a thin rubber sheath that is rolled onto the penis when erected. It prevents sperm from entering the vagina. It is important to put the condom on before the penis enters into the vagina and the condom must be used throughout intercourse.

Advantages of the condom:

  • Condoms are the only contraceptive method that protects both partners from sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia and HIV.
  • They can be purchased anywhere without a prescription and without age limit.
  • It is important to practice putting on a condom, to feel competent and comfortable using it in the “right moment”.

The pill

The pill is one of the most widely used contraceptives in Norway. It protects very well against pregnancy, but provides no protection against STDs. Almost all women can use birth control pills. Some have side effects, but usually, these symptoms disappears after a short time.

The pill requires a prescription.

Emergency contraception: emergency contraception pill

If you are worried that you are pregnant after sexual intercourse, you may use an emergency contraception pill. These are pills with high levels of active hormone that prevents the egg from developing. The pill prevents probably 75-80 percent of pregnancies. The pills are available without prescription at the pharmacy.

Remember that you must start the treatment with the emergency contraception before 72 hours have passed since the unprotected intercourse. Emergency contraception pill can cause discomfort and is only an emergency solution.

For more information about contraception, see www.amathea.no

Tasks?

  • Why do you think that so many people take the chance on having sex without using protection?
  • Who has the greatest responsibility to remember the protection, the girl or the boy?
  • What can you do to make it more common to use a condom?

 

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